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Mahatma Gandhi – The Story of Indian Father of The Nation

Mahatma Gandhi, born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, is also called Bapu or Rashtrapita or father of the nation due to the significant role he played in India’s struggle for Independence. Subhash Chandra Bose first called him Rashtrapita while it was Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore who called him Mahatma. Due to his and other freedom fighters’ effort, India got independence from the British on 15 August 1947. Let us know Mahatma Gandhi’s brief biography.

Mahatma Gandhi


Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbander in the Indian state of Gujarat.

His father’s name was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi.

His mother’s name was Putlibai Gandhi.          


No biography of Mahatma Gandhi would be complete without knowing about his education. Mahatma Gandhi did his schooling in Ahmedabad. He got his high school education from there. Then he got admission to Samaldas College in Bhavnagar State but he soon dropped out. Then Gandhi enrolled himself at University College, London, affiliated with the University of London where he studied law and jurisprudence.


Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturba Gandhi. The couple had four children named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.

Mahatma Gandhi in Africa

After completing his law degree Gandhi worked as a civil rights activist in South Africa from 1893 to 1914. In South Africa, he faced discrimination based on his skin and color. He was allowed to sit in a train coach. In another incident, he was thrown in a drain for walking near a house. In a separate incident, he was thrown out of a train at Pietermaritzburg station when he refused to vacate the first-class compartment of the train. He decided to protest and was allowed to board the train again.

Discrimination with him didn’t end here. A magistrate of a Duran court asked to remove his turban but Gandhi said no to this. At that time Indians did not have permission to walk on the public footpath. When Gandhi was walking on a public footpath a policeman threw him out without warning. His efforts helped unite Indians in South Africa as a pollical force.

In 1906, Mahatma Gandhi protested the Transvaal government act that demanded compulsory registration of the Indian and Chinese population. His protest was based on Satyagraha and non-violence. Apart from that, he took part in several small and big protests in South Africa where the Indian community was involved.

Mahatma Gandhi and Indian Freedom Struggle

After the return from South Africa, Gandhi got associated with the Indian freedom struggle.  He joined Indian National Congress and was given an overview of India’s political system and issue by his mentor Gopal Krishna Gokhale.  He took part in several movements. These movements are an inseparable part of Mahatma Gandhi’s biography.

Here is the list of major movements Mahatma Gandhi took part in.

  • Champaran Agitations
  • Kheda Agitations
  • Khilafat Movement
  • Non-co-operation Movement 
  • Salt Satyagraha
  • Quit India Movement

Besides, he was also part of several negotiations and conferences related to India’s independence from British rule.


On 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi when he was going to address a prayer meeting at Birla House in Delhi. The place (Birla House) where Gandhi was killed has been named Gandhi Smriti. As per an estimate around 15 lakh, people were on the streets when Gandhi was taken to cremation at Raj Ghat. A large number of leaders from around the world sent their condolence on his death.

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